This project has produced an examination/surgical simulation system prototype with a force feedback Haptic interface, modeled femur anatomy and tissue properties, and a virtual reality display that replicates the interactions of a surgical resident operating on a live patient. The specific aims were to: 1) develop force feedback Haptic surgical instruments; 2) model and simulate volumetric anatomic data from the Visible Human Project; 3) incorporate human tissue property measurements into anatomic models; 4) create a realistic interface consisting of the participant, Haptic tools, and virtual reality images; and 5) assess computational, force feedback, and display latency as well as Haptic and visual fidelity in order to simulate actual conditions during a surgical procedure.


Human Computer Interaction

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